1 the 23rd letter of the Hebrew alphabet
2 a large marble used for shooting in the game of marbles [syn: shooter]
- tawed leather
Etymology 2Origin unknown.
- to shoot a marble
Etymology 3A transliteration of the name of the letter in question (ת), which means mark or cross.
- Also transliterated tav.
- ''For other uses, see Taw (disambiguation).
Origins of TawTaw is believed to have come from a simple mark; a cross or asterisk-like marking, perhaps indicating a signature.
Hebrew PronunciationThe letter Tav in modern Hebrew usually represents a voiceless alveolar plosive /t/).
Variations on Written form/pronunciationThe letter Tav is one of the six letters which can receive a Dagesh Kal. The six are Bet, Gimmel, Daled, Kaph, Pe, and Tav (see Hebrew Alphabet for more about these letters). Three of them (Bet, Kaph, and Pe) have their sound values changed in modern Hebrew from the fricative to the plosive by adding a dagesh. The other three have the same pronunciation in modern Hebrew, but have had alternate pronunciations at other times and places. In traditional Ashkenazi pronunciation, it represented a /s/ (a form which still is common today, especially among Diaspora Jews) without the dagesh, and had the plosive form when it had the dagesh. In some Sephardi areas, such as Yemen, Tav without a dagesh represented a voiceless dental fricative /θ/ without a dagesh and the plosive form with the dagesh. See Bet, Daled, Kaph, Pe, and Gimmel.
Significance of TavIn gematria Tav represents the number 400, the largest single number that can be represented without using the Sophit forms (see Kaph, Mem, Nun, Pe, and Tzade).
In representing names from foreign languages, a geresh or "chupchik" can also be placed after the tav ('ת), making it represent /θ/ /ð/.
In JudaismTav is the last letter of the Hebrew word emet, which means truth. The midrash explains that emet is made up of the first, middle, and last letters of the Hebrew alphabet (Aleph, Mem, and Tav: אמת). Sheqer (falsehood), on the other hand, is made up of the 19th, 20th, and 21st (and penultimate) letters.
Thus, truth is all-encompassing, while falsehood is narrow and deceiving. In Jewish mythology it was the word emet that was carved into the head of the golem which ultimately gave it life. But when the letter "aleph" was erased from the golem's forehead, what was left was "met" - death. And so the golem died.
Sayings with TawFrom Aleph to Taw describes something from beginning to end; the Hebrew equivalent of the English From A to Z.
Syriac TawLike Hebrew and Phoenician, it is the last letter in the alphabet. It represents either a hard t (voiceless alveolar plosive) or a soft θ (voiceless dental fricative).
Arabic tāThe letter is named tā, and is written is several ways depending in its position in the word: The form tā marbuta (ة ,ـة) is used at the end of words to mark feminine gender for nouns and adjectives (which in Arabic are considered to be two types of the same general class of words). Initial tā is used to mark feminine gender in third-person imperfective/present tense verbs. Final ت◌ (kasra, then tā, pronounced /at/) is used to mark feminine gender for third-person perfective/past tense verbs, while final تَ (tā-fata, /ta/) is used to mark past-tense second-person singular masculine verbs, final تِ (tā-kasra, /ti/) to mark past-tense second-person singular feminine verbs, and final تُ (tā-amma, /tu/) to mark past-tense first-person singular verbs.
taw in Amharic: ታው
taw in Official Aramaic (700-300 BCE): ܬܘ
taw in Breton: Taw (lizherenn)
taw in Hebrew: ת
taw in Polish: Taw